Earlier this year, Hired.com produced a report which focused on the pay gap that continues to exist between the genders within the IT and Tech sector.
Here at Techloop, we have already written about the underrepresentation of women in IT, including some real life anecdotes from our Facebook community, and it is a cause that we are passionate about and extremely interested in.
After reading Hired’s article, we decided to look more closely at the situation in Europe to see if the same wage inequality was present in the IT sector over here, and more specifically, how the Czech Republic, and other countries in which Techloop is present, compare.
We used Eurostat data for the basis of this article and all that data is available here (Gender Pay Gap folder).
GENDER PAY GAP IN THE IT & COMMS SECTOR
The results were surprisingly and unfortunately not very flattering for our own country, the Czech Republic, which has the biggest wage gap between the genders in the Information and Communications sector.
(‘Informations and Communications’ is the official Eurostat name, more information on what this includes can be found here.)
In the figure below, you can see how the Czech Republic has the infamous claim of being the most unequal in terms of the average wages paid to men and women working in the field of IT & Comms, with a staggering 32,5% difference between the two sexes. This is in comparison to the EU average of 21% for the sector.
Neighbours Slovakia aren’t far behind in third place, with a 27,7% difference between the average wages of men and women (Lithuania cam in second with 29,5%), and fellow Techloop territory, Hungary, has a 16,2% gap.
(If you are interested in the methodology used for the data from Eurostat, you can find it here.)
Perhaps surprisingly, accordingly to the Eurostat data it is Macedonia (FYROM) which has the smallest discrepancy with only a 3,8% difference, nearly 10 times better than the Czech Republic! Less surprisingly, it is Sweden who is in second place on 10,6%, still only a third of the Czech figure.
GENDER PAY GAP ACROSS ALL INDUSTRIES
If we look at the overall gender wage gap across all industries, things are better for the Czechs, but only slightly.
Estonia is the worst offender up at 21,1%, with the Czech Republic coming 4th overall at 19% difference in average wages. It is interesting to note how much higher the pay gap in the IT and Telecommunications area is when compared to the average across all industries.
For such a forward thinking and innovative sector, it is a shame to see that such inequality still persists across Europe, despite equal pay being one of the founding principles of the EU, embedded in the Treaty of Rome (1957).
One main reason for the discrepancy could be the inconsistent way in which EU legislation is implemented between EU member states. More information on the application of EU equality laws can be found here.
LIES, DAMN LIES, AND STATISTICS
Clearly, all stats and data are open to interpretation and the severity of the Gender Pay Gap is influenced by other factors besides the simple difference between what a man earns and what a woman earns for doing the same job.
In the EU’s own words, here are some of the potential difficulties in ascertaining a true picture of the pay gap:
“There are various reasons for the existence and size of a gender pay gap and they may differ strongly between Member States, e.g. kind of jobs held by women, consequences of breaks in career or part-time work due to childbearing, decisions in favour of family life, etc.
Moreover, the proportion of women working and their characteristics differ significantly between countries, particularly because of institutions and attitudes governing the balance between private and work life which impact on the careers and thus the pay of women.”
So, as always a degree of caution should be applied when reading bare statistics and drawing conclusions thereof.
“Whilst we definitely don’t doubt this data, it’s important to view it within a wider context. Everyday, along with our hiring managers, we decide whether to make offers to candidates and much money they would earn. I’ve never come across a situation here where a candidate was judged on their gender rather than their knowledge, experience, and personality.
Thanks to our CN University we take lots of beginner programmers who work alongside their studies or maternity leave, meaning their salaries are lower than other junior programmers who work full time. More generally, I do also meet women in interviews who are asking for a lower salary than their male counterpart, even when their knowledge is on the same level.”
WHY IS THE SITUATION SO BAD IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC?
Differing interpretations and external factors notwithstanding, there is still clearly a pronounced problem in the Czech Republic. It doesn’t take a statistician to conclude that there is still some way to go before equality in the workplace, and in particular in the Tech industry is achieved in the country.
A simple look at adverts still used by certain (but by no means all) companies or a quick chat with women working the IT field will tell you that there’s much work to be done.
We spoke to Mirka Čechová from Czechitas to get her view on why wage inequality continues to exist in the IT sector:
“At Czechitas we don’t specifically address the issue of unequal pay, but instead we train women in soft skills through our workshops, so that they are not scared of selling themselves and asking for an adequate salary. We try to help them at the beginning, we can’t control what comes after.”
Mirka also confirms the aforementioned lack of confidence woman have during salary negotiations:
“The IT industry is one where woman can potentially earn a higher salary, it’s vital that they are encouraged, have self confidence, and ideally an idea of what they want to earn. Companies should realise that fair remuneration for their employees is not only an obligation, but that it is also beneficial as it produces happy and loyal employees.”
So ladies – don’t be afraid to say what you’re really worth. For an idea of what you should be earning, take a look at our article about IT salaries.
On Techloop, job seekers are anonymous until they agree to go to interview, meaning that our developers can be judged on nothing but their skills, experience and competence.